|Official Name:||Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana)|
|Area:||301,340 sq km|
|Population:||61.5 million (2013)|
|Climate:||Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south|
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Italy is home to 2 "micro states": San Marino and Vatican City.
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Inventors, hot tubs.
Jacuzzi is a company producing whirlpool bathtubs and spas. Its first product was a bath with massaging jets; the trademarked name is commonly misused to refer to any bath with water jets. Sometimes spas and hot tubs are also mistakenly referred to as Jacuzzis. The company advertises that "they are Jacuzzi, and everyone else's are just hot tubs". Their current motto is "Jacuzzi, water that moves you".
The Jacuzzi J-300 pump was invented in 1956 by a man hoping to relieve his 8-year-old son from some of the discomfort of rheumatoid arthritis. The son, Kenneth Jacuzzi, eventually ran the company. During this period, Jack Benny was hired as a spokesman for Jacuzzi.
The J-300 pump was portable and could be placed in any bath enclosure. The medical community immediately saw the benefit of this product for their hydro-theraputic programs. Physical Therapist and Orthopedic doctors would prescribe their use in clinics and in the home.
In 1968, Roy Jacuzzi invented the first self-contained, fully integrated whirlpool bath. In 1970, he created the first outdoor hot tub. Currently, Jacuzzi has about 250 patents in the whirlpool bath and spa industry. Their product line is designed for single users or groups of up to eight.
Jacuzzis are commonly found in residential homes, hotels and aboard cruise ships and have become popular in high-end Spas around the world. Jacuzzi products are distributed in about 60 countries.
The family history is the classic tale of European immigrants coming to the USA and living the American dream. They arrived from Italy in the early 1900s. They started out by picking oranges and building small airplanes. They built a unique propeller known as the "Jacuzzi toothpick". They built the first enclosed cabin monoplane. It was used by the U.S. Postal Service to carry passengers from the San Francisco Bay area to Yosemite National Park.
Because of their knowledge and design experience in airplane pumps, they turned their attention to the need of the agricultual community for ground water. In 1925 the Jacuzzi brothers revolutionized the pump industry. They designed a pump that was the most efficient of that era. They received a Gold Medal at the California State Fair in 1930 for their new design.
Roy Jacuzzi speculated that there might be a market for hydro-therapy in the home. In 1968 he introduced the world to the "Roman Bathtub." This was the first integrated whirlpool bath. His patented jets, placed along the sides, produced a 50/50 air to water ratio providing an experience like none before. The same patented mixture ratio is still a signature feature of todays Jacuzzi jets. Susan Sommers,then a model, was used in some of the first print advertisements published by Jacuzzi.
In the early 1970s, the company produced larger units with built-in heating and filtration systems. This was the beginning of the spa industry as we know it today. Friends and family were now invited to share the experience of a vacation in their own back yard.
Moving into the 1980s, the company's product line expanded with models that worked in multi-use configurations as hot tubs, whirlpool baths or both. These models could be installed indoors or outdoors or topside of luxury water craft.
The Jacuzzi assembly plant is located in Chino, California. This plant was the first ISO 9001 certified spa production facility in the world. It has the capability of producing up to 300 spas per day for their national and export business needs. Their product line has many unique features such as patented jets, rainbow waterfalls, synthetic sun resistant siding, stereos, ergonomic seating, triple layered shells, full foam insulation and a solid A.B.S. pan bottom.
Jacuzzi today is the world's most widely recognized name in jetted bath and spas.