|Official Name:||Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana)|
|Area:||301,340 sq km|
|Population:||61.5 million (2013)|
|Climate:||Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south|
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Born: Sep 23, 1949
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, and grew up in Freehold Borough, New Jersey. His father, Douglas, was a bus driver of Dutch and Irish ancestry and his mother, Adele Zirilli Springsteen, an Italian-Puerto Rican or Italian-American legal secretary.
He has frequently recorded and toured with the E Street Band. Springsteen is most widely known for his brand of heartland rock infused with pop hooks and Americana sentiments. His eloquence in expressing ordinary, everyday problems have earned him numerous awards, including Grammy Awards and an Oscar, along with a huge fan base. His most famous albums, Born to Run and Born in the U.S.A., epitomize his penchant for writing about the struggles of a young man growing up in the streets of his native New Jersey.
Springsteen's lyrics often concern men and women struggling to make ends meet. He has gradually become identified with progressive politics. Springsteen's "Born in the U.S.A." was so popular that Ronald Reagan attempted to co-opt it during his 1984 presidential campaign, misinterpreting it as a plainly nationalistic song rather than one about the negative after-effects of the Vietnam War. Springsteen requested that the Reagan campaign to stop using the song, as he supported Walter Mondale, which they did, but it was already linked with Reagan in the minds of many. Springsteen is also noted for his support of various relief and rebuilding efforts in New Jersey and elsewhere, and for his response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on which his album The Rising reflects.
Springsteen's recordings have tended to alternate between commercially accessible rock albums and somber folk-oriented works. Much of Springsteen's popularity stems from his concerts, marathon shows in which he and the E Street Band revolve amongst intense ballads, rousing anthems, and party rock and roll songs.
Springsteen has long had the nickname "The Boss", a term which he was initially reported to dislike but now seems to have come to terms with, sometimes jokingly referring to himself as such on stage.
Taken from Wikipedia