|Official Name:||Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana)|
|Area:||301,340 sq km|
|Population:||61.5 million (2013)|
|Climate:||Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south|
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Italy is home to 2 "micro states": San Marino and Vatican City.
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Born: November 17, 1942
Director, writer and producer.
Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese is an Academy Award-winning film director, writer, producer and film historian.
Also affectionately known as "Marty", he is the founder of the World Cinema Foundation and a recipient of the AFI Life Achievement Award for his contributions to the cinema and has won awards from the Golden Globe, BAFTA, and Directors Guild of America. Scorsese is president of the Film Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to film preservation and the prevention of the decaying of motion picture film stock.
Scorsese's body of work addresses such themes as Italian American identity, Roman Catholic concepts of guilt and redemption, machismo, and the violence endemic to American society. Scorsese is widely considered to be one of the most significant and influential American filmmakers of his era, directing landmark films such as Taxi Driver, Raging Bull and Goodfellas; all of which he collaborated on with actor Robert De Niro .He earned an MFA in film directing from NYU's Tisch School of the Arts. Martin Scorsese was born in New York City. His father, Luciano Charles Scorsese and mother, Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) both worked in New York's Garment District, his father as a clothes presser and his mother as a seamstress. It was at this stage in his life that he developed his passion for cinema.
Scorsese developed an admiration for neo-realist cinema. He recounted its influence in a documentary on Italian neorealism, and commented on how The Bicycle Thief inspired him and how this influenced his view or portrayal of his Sicilian heritage. His initial desire to become a priest was forsaken for cinema – the seminary traded for NYU Film School, where he received his MFA in film directing in 1969.